There are many possible ways to represent and work with video and image data. Scientific studies of human vision have found that our eyes are able to discern fine spatial variations in brightness (Luminance) and color (Chrominance) to different degrees. Eyes do not very well resolve small details in the color component but can significantly better discern fine details in the brightness component . This is why Neat Video uses YCrCb representation that allows to split the brightness and color information into separate channels (Y channel for brightness and Cr/Cb channels for color) and to work with that information separately, using different methods. Read more!